PREVALENCE OF URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN OF SOWRA ELMAHDIA BOYS AND ROFEIDA GIRLS IN KOSTI, W HITE NILE STATE, SUDAN
Ahmed Mohammed Dirie, Mofizul Islam, Mohammad Zahir Uddin
The parasitic disease Schistosomiasis often known as bilharzia, affects humans and other
vertebrates in tropical and subtropical regions. In term of socioeconomic and public health
significance, it is one of the most widespread diseases and is only surpassed by malaria. The purpose
of the study was to ascertain the prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among school children. This
cross-sectional study was conducted at Sowra Elmahdia boys and Rofeida girls’ schools in Kosti
district White Nile State, Sudan, from September to December 2018. The data were collected using
structured questionnaires. The study revealed that the prevalence among children was found to be
(3.2%). However, among girls (3.6%) was found greater than boys (2.9%). Among total respondents
more than eight tens (82.4%) of them were the age group (11-14) years old and all the infected cases
were that age group (11-14) and the mean age of the respondents was 12±1.6 years according to sex
boys and girls were 48% and 52% respectively. The main sources of water were tap water (50.5%).
The study revealed those who get water by donkey cart had high infection rate (57.14%) of the cases.
The study revealed that urinary schistosomiasis infection is high among girls than boys, and those who
get water by donkey cart had highest prevalence rate. Provision of community with adequate safe
water and proper sanitation is recommended.
Prevalence, Urinary Schistosomiasis, School Children, Public Health, Sudan